Small changes in vineyard location and geography can impact the flavor of wine. To test this, three Washington State University Viticulture & Enology students crafted two Riesling wines from grapes harvested on opposite sides of Lake Chelan.
After processing the wine at the Ste. Michelle WSU Wine Science Center in Richland, the students sampled the different Rieslings, and found the grapes grown on the north shore produced wine characterized by a fresh citrus taste and mineral notes.
Although they were harvested on the same day, the wine made with grapes on the south end of the lake had more tropical, fruity, and creamy flavor characteristics.
“We wanted to understand how climatic differences affected the growth of Riesling grapes and the profiles of their subsequent wines,” said Andrew Gerow, who graduated from WSU in December of 2020.
Classmates Alex Ostrom, and Keith Pagett, and Gerow created the Rieslings from two vineyards, across the water from each other on Lake Chelan’s east end. Both sit at similar elevations, but experience different exposure to sunlight during the day.
“Riesling is a grape that strongly expresses the place where it is grown through its flavor,” said Thomas Henick-Kling, director of the Viticulture & Enology Program.
Wine grapes for the project were donated by Lot 75 Vineyard, which resides on the north side of the lake, and Tsillan Cellars, positioned on the south shore.
Lot 75 Vineyard owner Keith Nelson, who earned his Viticulture Certificate from WSU in 2012, said he was impressed with the students’ knowledge of crop and soil science.
“They walked up and down the vineyard rows with me and wanted to know the history of the land and the vines,” Nelson said. “I loved working with them, and I’d do it again.”
Succession Wines, also located on Lake Chelan, helped the students press the grapes before the juice was transported to the Wine Science Center for fermentation.
“The students are getting dirty in the field and getting into what the growing process really looks like. This hands-on experience is going to set them apart,” said Succession Wines owner Brock Lindsey.
Gerow said what made this project different was setting out to create a traditional German style dry Riesling, rather than the typically sweet versions found in supermarkets.
“If we were in our own winery, we would have to make what the consumer wants,” he said. “Because we are in a school setting, we had creative freedom.”
Because the wines ended up tasting so different, the students decided to bottle them separately.
The students presented their findings and won first place in the undergraduate research category at the Washington Winegrowers 2020 Poster Session and Graduate Student Oral Presentations.
The poster session provides an opportunity for members of the grape and wine industry to share and discuss the latest wine research at all levels of academia.