PUYALLUP, Wash. – Finding a solution to toxic highway runoff is crucial to the environment. Research scientists at Washington State University’s Puyallup Research and Extension Center are using a method known as “soil bioretention” to test collected runoff and measure the effects on fish and other aquatic life.
Car exhaust, hydrocarbons, heart problems
“Vehicle exhaust often contains dangerous levels of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), which are known to cause heart and cardiovascular defects in animals,” said Jen McIntyre, lead WSU Puyallup stormwater researcher. “We want to eliminate or lower the PAHs to create a healthier environment for aquatic life and the general population.”
Simulated brief rain storms are created using sprinklers on a 27′ x 44′ test pavement.The plot, treated with coal tar sealcoat (CTSC) commonly used throughout much of the country, but not in Washington state, contains many of the same PAHs as urban highway runoff. Traffic counters record the number of vehicles passing over the site during the test period since abrasion is a major source of contamination to runoff from seal coated surfaces.
Bioretension soil columns
“After the runoff is collected it will be transported to the greenhouse with large bioretention soil columns,” said McIntyre. “Half of the water will be kept as untreated runoff. The rest will be passed through the soil columns — a kind of biological filter — that mimics what happens when runoff is infiltrated into the ground.”
During the six week study fish and aquatic invertebrates will then be exposed to raw runoff and that which has been run through the bioretention system to see if the toxicity is eliminated.
Findings from the study, funded in part by EPA Region 10 and NOAA Coastal Storms Program, will be published in a peer-reviewed scientific journal and presented at local and regional conferences to raise awareness of stormwater contamination, better understand the role of PAHs in runoff toxicity and the benefits of bioretention to clean up urban runoff.
For more information, see the WSU Extension stormwater website at http://puyallup.wsu.edu/stormwater